Puerta de alcalá madrid

Puerta de alcalá madrid

puerta del sol, madrid

Since its beginnings it has undergone several urban transformations in its surroundings, going from being the external border of Madrid to a tourist center of obligatory passage that appears inserted almost in the middle of the same city. This change has been due to the widening of the nineteenth century along the Serrano neighborhood and the extension of Alcalá Street. It was declared a historic-artistic monument in 1976, extending its category to the Plaza de la Independencia.

The Puerta de Alcalá is currently one of the most important monumental landmarks of the city of Madrid, although the present image should be imagined as the culmination of an evolutionary process that began in the late sixteenth century. During the 17th century, this entrance had two different architectural structures before becoming a monument at the end of the 18th century. Its relevance as a triumphal entry, providing excellence to the rite of entry to the city of the sovereign, was gradually acquiring importance.[10] From the Puerta de Alcalá street lining the street was accessed from the Puerta del Sol, and from there through the Calle Mayor to the Alcázar.

calle de alcalástreet in madrid, spain

DescriptionInformationSituated in the center of the Plaza de la Independencia, the Puerta de Alcalá is one of the five ancient royal gates that gave access to the city, built by order of Charles III to replace a previous one dating from the sixteenth century. This monumental gate, inaugurated in 1778, is located next to the Retiro Park, where streets such as Alcalá, Alfonso XII and Serrano converge, and is one of the tourist icons of Madrid.

The two facades of which the Puerta de Alcalá is composed show different decorations, being simpler the inner side (initially the one facing the city, in which the four virtues appear: Prudence, Justice, Temperance and Fortitude) than the outer one, presided by the royal coat of arms and with greater decorative richness, which was the one seen by those who entered Madrid.

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Since its inception it has undergone several urban transformations in their environment, from being the outer border of Madrid to a tourist center of obligatory passage that appears inserted almost in the middle of the city itself. This change has been due to the widening of the nineteenth century along the Serrano neighborhood and the extension of Alcalá Street. It was declared a historic-artistic monument in 1976, extending its category to the Plaza de la Independencia.

The Puerta de Alcalá is currently one of the most important monumental landmarks of the city of Madrid, although the present image should be imagined as the culmination of an evolutionary process that began in the late sixteenth century. During the 17th century, this entrance had two different architectural structures before becoming a monument at the end of the 18th century. Its relevance as a triumphal entry, providing excellence to the rite of entry to the city of the sovereign, was gradually acquiring importance.[10] From the Puerta de Alcalá street lining the street was accessed from the Puerta del Sol, and from there through the Calle Mayor to the Alcázar.

calle de alcalá

Fue una puerta de las antiguas murallas de Felipe IV. Se encuentra cerca del centro de la ciudad y a varios metros de la entrada principal del Parque del Buen Retiro. La plaza está atravesada por la calle de Alcalá, aunque ésta no cruza por el monumento, y es el origen de las calles Alfonso XII, Serrano y Olózaga. Su nombre tiene su origen en el antiguo camino que iba de Madrid a la cercana ciudad de Alcalá de Henares.

El Madrid de finales del siglo XVIII todavía tenía un aspecto algo aburrido, rodeado de murallas medievales. Hacia el año 1774, el rey Carlos III encargó a Francesco Sabatini la construcción de una puerta monumental en la muralla por la que debía pasar un camino ampliado hacia la ciudad de Alcalá, en sustitución de otra más antigua y pequeña que se encontraba en las cercanías. Se inauguró en 1778.